Shell 合集
创建日期:2015-03-27 12:38



MAC & Linux

traceroute [ -46dFITnreAUV ] [ -f first_ttl ] [ -g gate,... ]
        [ -i device ] [ -m max_ttl ] [ -N squeries ] [ -p port ] 
        [ -t tos ] [ -l flow_label ] [ -w waittime ] [ -q nqueries ] 
        [ -s src_addr ] [ -z sendwait ] [ --fwmark=num ] host [ packetlen ]
-4                          强制使用 IPv4
-6                          强制使用 IPv6
-d  --debug                 Enable socket level debugging
-F  --dont-fragment         Do not fragment packets
-f first_ttl  --first=first_ttl
                          Start from the first_ttl hop (instead from 1)
-g gate,...  --gateway=gate,...
                          Route packets through the specified gateway
                          (maximum 8 for IPv4 and 127 for IPv6)
-I  --icmp                  Use ICMP ECHO for tracerouting
-T  --tcp                   Use TCP SYN for tracerouting (default port is 80)
-i device  --interface=device
                          Specify a network interface to operate with
-m max_ttl  --max-hops=max_ttl
                          Set the max number of hops (max TTL to be
                          reached). Default is 30
-N squeries  --sim-queries=squeries
                          Set the number of probes to be tried
                          simultaneously (default is 16)
-n                          Do not resolve IP addresses to their domain names
-p port  --port=port        Set the destination port to use. It is either
                          initial udp port value for "default" method
                          (incremented by each probe, default is 33434), or
                          initial seq for "icmp" (incremented as well,
                          default from 1), or some constant destination
                          port for other methods (with default of 80 for
                          "tcp", 53 for "udp", etc.)
-t tos  --tos=tos           Set the TOS (IPv4 type of service) or TC (IPv6
                          traffic class) value for outgoing packets
-l flow_label  --flowlabel=flow_label
                          Use specified flow_label for IPv6 packets
-w waittime  --wait=waittime
                          Set the number of seconds to wait for response to
                          a probe (default is 5.0). Non-integer (float
                          point) values allowed too
-q nqueries  --queries=nqueries
                          Set the number of probes per each hop. Default is
-r                          Bypass the normal routing and send directly to a
                          host on an attached network
-s src_addr  --source=src_addr
                          Use source src_addr for outgoing packets
-z sendwait  --sendwait=sendwait
                          Minimal time interval between probes (default 0).
                          If the value is more than 10, then it specifies a
                          number in milliseconds, else it is a number of
                          seconds (float point values allowed too)
-e  --extensions            Show ICMP extensions (if present), including MPLS
-A  --as-path-lookups       Perform AS path lookups in routing registries and
                          print results directly after the corresponding
-M name  --module=name      Use specified module (either builtin or external)
                          for traceroute operations. Most methods have
                          their shortcuts (`-I' means `-M icmp' etc.)
-O OPTS,...  --options=OPTS,...
                          Use module-specific option OPTS for the
                          traceroute module. Several OPTS allowed,
                          separated by comma. If OPTS is "help", print info
                          about available options
--sport=num                 Use source port num for outgoing packets. Implies
                          `-N 1'
--fwmark=num                Set firewall mark for outgoing packets
-U  --udp                   Use UDP to particular port for tracerouting
                          (instead of increasing the port per each probe),
                          default port is 53
-UL                         Use UDPLITE for tracerouting (default dest port
                          is 53)
-P prot  --protocol=prot    Use raw packet of protocol prot for tracerouting
--mtu                       Discover MTU along the path being traced. Implies
                          `-F -N 1'
--back                      Guess the number of hops in the backward path and
                          print if it differs
-V  --version               Print version info and exit
--help                      Read this help and exit


tracert [-d] [-h maximum_hops] [-j host-list] [-w timeout]
        [-R] [-S srcaddr] [-4] [-6] target_name
-d                 不将地址解析成主机名。
-h maximum_hops    搜索目标的最大跃点数。
-j host-list       与主机列表一起的松散源路由(仅适用于 IPv4)
-w timeout         等待每个回复的超时时间(以毫秒为单位)
-R                 跟踪往返行程路径(仅适用于 IPv6)
-S srcaddr         要使用的源地址(仅适用于 IPv6)
-4                 强制使用 IPv4
-6                 强制使用 IPv6